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海外高端人才集聚的影响因素——基于“青年千人计划”引进人才的分析
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引用本文:刘军,曲晨瑶,杨浩昌.海外高端人才集聚的影响因素——基于“青年千人计划”引进人才的分析[J].阅江学刊,2017,(4):76~85
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作者单位
刘军 南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044 
曲晨瑶 南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044 
杨浩昌 东南大学, 南京 211189 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“基于‘互联网+’的中国制造业转型升级研究”(71673145);江苏高校哲学社会科学研究重点项目“优化江苏海外高端人才集聚与使用环境的策略研究”(2016ZDIXM018)
中文摘要:采用"青年千人计划"引进人才数据,研究海外高端人才在中国的区域和机构分布状况。东部地区的引进人才最多,中部地区、西部地区、东北地区依次减少;高校的引进人才最多,科研院所较少,在企业中创新创业的引进人才极少。环境污染对人才集聚有显著的负面影响,经济发展水平、子女教育条件、医疗条件、研发投入水平和事业平台建设等五个影响因素对人才集聚有正向促进作用。要加大人才的引进力度,营造良好的科研环境、经济环境、自然环境和生活环境,广泛吸引海外高端人才,帮助科研院所积极吸引高端人才。
中文关键词:海外高端人才  人才集聚  “青年千人计划”  创新创业
 
The Influencing Factors of the Aggregation of Overseas Top Talents: An Analysis Based on the "Young Overseas High-level Talents Introduction Plan"
Abstract:By the relevant data of the "Young overseas high-level talents introduction plan", the paper studies the distribution of overseas top talents in Chinese regions and institutions, finding that most of talents agglomerate in East China and the number of the talents in Central, West and Northeast China in turn decreased. Most talents were introduced in colleges and universities; a few in scientific research institutions; and the fewest in enterprises for innovation and entrepreneurship. This paper analyzed the influence factors of the aggregation of overseas high-level talents on the basis of provincial panel data of China from 2011 to 2014: environmental pollution exerted significantly a negative influence on the aggregation of talents. But such five influence factors as economic development level, children's education conditions, medical conditions, R & D input level, and the career platform construction positively attracted a large number of talents. Therefore, it is necessary to create a favorable R & D conditions, economic development conditions, natural environment and living conditions in order introduce more overseas high-level talents to come back to start businesses and make great innovations which is helpful for many scientific and research institutions to attract more and more top talents.
keywords:overseas high-level talents  aggregation of top talents  "Young Overseas High-level Talents Introduction Plan"  make innovations and start businesses
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