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中国区域能源供给安全综合评价及障碍因素分析
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引用本文:薛静静,史军,王娜.中国区域能源供给安全综合评价及障碍因素分析[J].阅江学刊,2017,(4):57~64
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作者单位
薛静静 南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044 
史军 南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044 
王娜 南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044 
基金项目:南京信息工程大学人才启动基金“气候变化条件下江苏省能源安全及其资源环境效应”(2017r038);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目“湖南省煤炭产业生态效率评价与绿色化发展研究”(15YBA295)
中文摘要:构建区域能源供给安全评价指标体系,依据客观值运用熵值法赋予指标权重值,确定评价标准值,运用集对分析和障碍度方法对2005、2010年中国各省能源供给安全水平及主要影响因素进行评价和分析。中国区域能源供给安全状况不理想,省域差异明显,仅有极少数省份能源供给安全等级较高。人均能源生产量、区域能源产量占中国总产量的比例、自给率和科研经费所占比例是中国区域能源供给安全的主要影响因素,且生产多元化指数的重要性明显上升。各省区市应从自身资源基础和实际出发,推动能源技术进步,开发潜在能源,推动能源供应多样化,加强能源储备建设。
中文关键词:能源供给安全  集对分析  能源荒  能源储备
 
China's Regional Energy Supply Security Assessment and the Barrier Factors Analysis
Abstract:The paper built comprehensive evaluation index system of regional energy supply security. According to the objective number, the entropy method was applied to endow the indicator with weight, and then the evaluation standard value was confirmed. Set pair analysis and Obstacle Degree method were applied to measure the level of provincial energy supply security in 2005 and 2010 and analyze its main influencing factors. Regional energy supply security in China was unfavorable. There were significant differences between provinces, only a very few of which enjoy more secure degree of energy supply. The percentage of Per-capita Energy Production and Regional Energy Production in China's total production and the percentage of self-sufficiency rate and scientific research funds are major influencing factors of regional energy supply security in China and much more importance was paid to the production diversity index. Hence, it is necessary and important to intensely develop the sea-land three-dimensional transportation network, improve supporting infrastructure, optimize spatial energy allocation, and intensify the control and regulation of regional total quantity. All provinces and municipalities should, according to their existing resources and actual situation, promote energy technology, exploit and utilize potential energy resources, realize energy supply diversification, and augment energy reserves.
keywords:energy supply security  set pair analysis  lack of energy  energy reserves
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