农业活动污染物排放及其大气环境效应研究进展
投稿时间: 2016-05-11  最后修改时间: 2016-05-17  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
赵天良 南京信息工程大学 tlzhao@nuist.edu.cn 
中文摘要:农业活动是一个重要的大气污染物排放源。随着我国工业污染物减排措施的不断加强以及我国农业现代化发展进程的加快,农业活动的污染物排放对大气环境的影响将日益突出。文章综述了农业活动排放大气污染物的基本形式和影响大气复合污染的主要机理,分析了农业活动的污染物排放及其大气环境效应模拟研究现状,并提出了面临的主要问题:(1)农业排放源估算和排放源清单制定的不确定性;(2)PM2.5与农业排放各前体物之间呈高度非线性关系;和(3)现有空气质量模式对PM2.5浓度及其化学组分预报准确性不够。
中文关键词:农业活动 污染物排放 空气污染 空气质量模式
 
Progress of study on pollutant emissions from agricultural activity and their effect on atmospheric environment
Abstract:Agricultural activity is an important source of air pollutant emissions, which could exert more impact on atmospheric environment during the measurements of industrial pollutant emissions are continuously strengthened, and agriculture is modernized in China. This paper summarized the research of agricultural pollutant emissions and the mechanism of impacting atmospheric compound pollution and analyzed the modeling study of pollutant emissions from agricultural activity and their effect on atmospheric environment with three problems:(1)uncertainties in estimating agricultural pollutant emissions and building the emission inventories,(2)High nonlinear relations between of PM2.5and its precursors emitted from agricultural activity, and(3)Existing air-quality model cannot forecast the PM2.5 and its chemical composition accurately.
keywords:agricultural activity  pollutant emission  air pollution  air quality model
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