云南烤烟气候类型及其适宜性研究
投稿时间: 2005-12-05  最后修改时间: 2006-03-26  点此下载全文
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作者单位
胡雪琼 云南省农业气象与卫星遥感应用中心, 云南, 昆明, 650034 
黄中艳 云南省农业气象与卫星遥感应用中心, 云南, 昆明, 650034 
朱勇 云南省农业气象与卫星遥感应用中心, 云南, 昆明, 650034 
王树会 云南省烟草科学研究所, 云南, 玉溪, 653100 
邓云龙 云南省烟草科学研究所, 云南, 玉溪, 653100 
基金项目:云南省自然科学基金资助项目(2004IT07);云南省烟草公司项目(04A10)
中文摘要:根据云南烤烟气候特点,提出了判别云南烤烟气候类型及其适宜性的指标:热量为一级指标,降水和光照为二级指标。采用综合指标法评判热量条件,对其他多个气候条件应用系统聚类分析,并结合云南烤烟生产实践经验,对云南全部气象站点进行烤烟气候类型划分和适宜性评价。从而得出云南烤烟气候最适宜区和适宜区的地理分布、以及制约云南烤烟种植的主要气候原因,为云南烤烟合理布局和烤烟生产提供了科学依据。
中文关键词:云南  烤烟  气候区划  分类指标
 
Climatic Divisions and Suitability for Tobacco Cultivation in Yunnan
Abstract:This paper proposes the indexes for the climatic division and suitability of tobacco growth in Yunnan according to the regional climatic characteristics:heat resource as primary index while precipitation and sunshine duration as secondary indexes.Heat resource is evaluted by the synthetic index approach,and other climatic conditions are assessed using the system cluster method.In light of Yunnan tobacco planting experience,the authors classify all meteorological stations in Yunnan into different climatic divisions for tabacco cultivation,and give the geographical distribution of most suitable and suitable areas for tobacco planting in Yunnan,as well as the climatic reasons for limiting the tobacco cultivation in Yunnan thus providing a scientific basis for the rational distribution and production of tobacco in Yunnan.
keywords:Yunnan  tobacco  climatic division  classification index
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